Handbook of Liturgical Practice of the Russian Church Abroad
While in general a monastic priest (be he an Hieromonk, Abbot or Archimandrite) dons a phelon in the Divine Services served in ‘lesser vestments’ (e.g. a Vigil) at the same points that a white (married) Priest would do so (on such occasions, placing it over his mantia). However, there are a few occasions for which a white Priest is appointed to wear his phelon, but where a monastic priest will serve in his mantia alone (with, of course, his epitrahil and cuffs as always). These are:
- The great censing at the beginning of the All-night Vigil.
- When serving services from the ‘Book of Needs’ that do not involve a reading of the Holy Gospel (whenever monastic priest reads the Gospel, he always wears the phelon).